The Effect of “Think-Talk-Write” Strategy on EFL Tenth-Grade Students' Writing Performance

Mahmoud Azzam Mohammad (Yarmouk University)
Baniabdelrahman Abdallah (Yarmouk University)

Article ID: 5388



This study investigated the effect of “Think-Talk-Write strategy” on English as a Foreign Language (EFL) tenth-grade students' writing performance. A quasi-experimental design with two groups was employed. The researcher randomly assigned two whole sections of grade 10 from Al-Kharaj Secondary School for Boys. The first section was chosen as the experimental group with (20) students, and the second as the control group with (20). To achieve the purpose of the study, a pre/post writing performance test was designed. In addition, Think-Talk-Write (TTW) strategy was used to teach the experimental group, whereas a control group was taught by the conventional teaching strategies, as suggested in the teacher's book. Results revealed that TTW strategy enhanced students’ writing performance. In light of the research results, the researcher recommends to use TTW strategy on other genres of writing.


EFL Jordanian students; Reading performance; TTW Strategy

Full Text:



[1] Al-Abed Al-Haq, F., & Al-Sobh, M. (2010). The Effect of Web-Based Writing Instructional EFL Program on Enhancing the Performance of Jordanian Secondary Students. The JALTCALL Journal, 6(3), 189-218.

[2] Alber-Morgan, S. R., Hessler, T., & Konrad, M. (2007). Teaching writing for keeps. Education and treatment of children, 30(3),107-128.

[3] Al-Maawa, N. & Taisser, K. (1989). Methods of Teaching English to Arab Students. UK: Longman Group Limited.

[4] Al-Sawalha, A. M. S., & Chow, T. V. V. (2012). The effects of writing apprehension in English on the writing process of Jordanian EFL students at Yarmouk University. International Interdisciplinary Journal of Education, 1(1), 6-14.

[5] Darmawangsa, D., Mutiarsih, Y., Karimah, I. S., & Racmadhany, A. (2020). Think, Talk, Write Strategy in French Writing Skill Learning. In 4th International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education (ICOLLITE 2020) (pp. 143-148). Atlantis Press. DOI:

[6] Forteza Fernández, R., & Gunashekar, P. (2009). A socio-psycholinguistic model for English for specific purposes writing skill formation diagnosis. Acimed, 20(6), 141-160.

[7] Heaton, J. (1975). Writing English Language Tests: A Practical Guide for Teachers of English as a Second or Foreign Lanuage. London: Longman.

[8] Herlina, B., Rahman, M. A., & Abduh, A. (2022). Improving Students Skill in Writing Descriptive Text by Using Think-Talk-Write and Clustering Techniques. Celebes Journal of Language Studies, 23-40.

[9] Ibnian, S. S. K. (2010). The Effect of Using the Story-Mapping Technique on Developing Tenth Grade Students' Short Story Writing Skills in EFL. English Language Teaching, 3(4), 181-194.

[10] Istiara, F. (2018). The Effectiveness of Think Talk Write Model in English Essay Writing. In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Science and Technology for an Internet of Things. European Alliance for Innovation (EAI). ‏ DOI:10.4108/eai.19-10-2018.2282613

[11] Ivancic, M., & Mandić, A. (2014). Receptive and productive language skills in language teaching. Unpublished manuscript.

[12] Kamilia, M. A. (2019). The Effect of Think Talk Write Strategy on the Students’ Writing Ability in Recount Text of the First Grade Students of SMK PLUS ALMAARIF. Language-Edu, 8(2).‏ Retrieved 20 May 2021 from /pdf/229627341.pdf

[13] Kurniaman, O., Yuliani, T. and Mansur, M. (2018). Investigating Think Talk Write (TTW) Learning Model to Enhance Primary Students' Writing Skill. Journal of Teaching and Learning in elementary Education (JTLEE) 1. Retrieved 11 March 2021 from

[14] Laoli, S., & Harahap, D. I. (2021). The Effect of Think, Talk, Write (TTW) Strategy on Students’ Descriptive Text Writing Ability. Journal Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Kependidikan, 2(1), 1-8.‏ Retrieved 18 July 2022 from

[15] Massi, M. P. (2001). Interactive writing in the EFL class: A repertoire of tasks. The Internet TESL Journal, 7(6).

[16] Ministry of Education in Jordan. (2006). General Guidelines and General and Specific outcomes for the English Language, Jordan, Amman.

[17] Mulyarti, M. (2016). Using the Think-Talk-Write Strategy to Improve Students Descriptive Writing Ability at the Eighth Grade of Junior High School 1 Tanete Rilau. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Universities Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar). ‏

[18] Muna, I. A. A., Aziz, Z. A., & Muthalib, K. A. (2020). Using Think-Talk-Write Strategy in Teaching Writing an Analytical Exposition Text. English Education Journal, 11(3), 347-366.‏ Retrieved 18 July 2022 from

[19] Nova, I., Umara, U., & Ginting, S. U. B. (2022). The Effect of Think-Talk-Write(TTW) Strategy on Students’ Writing Skill in Recount Text of the Tenth Grade Students’ of SMA Swasta Pelita Bulu Cina. Jurnal Serunai Bahasa Inggris, 14(1), 16-22.‏ Retrieved 22 July 2022 from /index.php/jd/article/view/581/381

[20] Omaggio, A. (2001). Teaching Language in Context. Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

[21] Qomariyah, S. S., & Nafisah, B. Z. (2020). Examining Think Talk Write (TTW) Strategy in Students’ Vocabulry Mastery. Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, 8(1), 72-82.‏ Retrieved 18 July 2022 from

[22] Rababah, L., & Melhem, N. B. (2015). Investigation into strategies of creativity in EFL writing in Jordan. Journal of Literature, Languages and Linguistics, 3(5), 14-25.

[23] Rahmah, L. S. (2017). Improving students’ score in writing descriptive text through Think Talk Write Strategy. International Journal of English and Education, 6(4), 180-193.

[24] Starkey, L. B. (2004). How to Write Great Essays. New York: Learning

[25] Suminar, R. P., & Putri, G. (2018). The effectiveness of TTW (Think-Talk-Write) strategy in teaching writing descriptive text. Academic Journal Perspective: Education, Language, and Literature, 2(2), 300-305.‏ Retrieved 18 May 2021 from

[26] Supandi, S., Waluya, S. B., Rochmad, R., Suyitno, H., & Dewi, K. (2018). Think-Talk-Write Model for Improving Students' Abilities in Mathematical Representation. International Journal of Instruction, 11(3), 77-90.

[27] Toubat, M. (2003). The effect of a discoursal technique on the writing skills of Jordanian academic eleventh graders. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Amman Arab University, Amman, Jordan.

[28] Ur, P. (1996). A Course in Language Teaching. Practice and Theory: Teaching Writing. United Kingdom: Cambridge.

[29] Xin, Z. (2007). Reflective Thinking on Communicative Teaching in Writing. Us-China Education review, 4(5), 19-25.

[30] Zulkarnaini. (2012). Model Kooperatif Tipe Think Talk Write (TTW) Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Menulis Karangan Deskriptif dan Berpikir Kritis. UPI Press.


  • There are currently no refbacks.